[here’s a little article that’s dedicated to the bible-lovers]
inclusio – a device in literature where a section of text is bracketed off. the story is placed within a frame, so that it begins and ends the same way. like a sandwich. inclusios are everywhere, in books, music, movies, you name it. we often overlook them the first time we read, listen, watch them, but when we look back, we realize that they’re there and it’s quite mindblowing sometimes.
in onerepublic’s most famous song “apologize”, ryan tedder begins and ends the song the same way, with the words “i’m holding on your rope, got me ten feet off the ground”. inclusio. jason mraz both opens and closes “the sunshine song” with “if there’s a light in everybody, send out your ray of sunshine” [excellent song, btw]. inclusio.
in movies, they’re not as prevalent but there still are some out there, such as mission impossible iii. in the opening scene, ethan hunt is strapped to a chair and watches in agony as the heartless antagonist owen davian counts down to the second he pulls the trigger of the gun pointed at hunt’s wife’s head. turns out it was a flash.. forward? and the audience does not get to see davian finish counting. 2 hours of intense, spy action sequences later, we revisit the interrogation scene once again, only this time, davian finishes counting as a desperate ethan hunt attempts to negotiate with him. inclusio. in forrest gump, both the opening and closing scene show forrest gump [and forrest jr] waiting at the bus stop in greenbow, alabama as a white feather is carried by the breeze into the sky. inclusio.
i find it weird that i enjoy writing blogs and whatnot but i’m a terrible reader. i don’t read too much but anyone who knows me well would know that my favorite book of all time is the bible. just about a month ago, i’ve been made aware that even the bible, the living word of god, has inclusios in it. if you look in the gospel of mark, there is a very subtle inclusio hidden in chapters 1 and 15.
in chapter 1, we witness the baptism of Jesus [by John] in the Jordan River. pretty epic moment. in chapter 15, we witness the death of the messiah as he breathes his last on the cross. overwhelmingly epic moment. though baptism and death are two concepts that one would most likely find contrasting to one another, these are the two elements that make up the big juicy sandwich of the “gospel inclusio”. but how, justin? how do the baptism and death Jesus make up an inclusio if they’re not even the same thing? you be trippin, man! well, let’s take a look at scripture.
1. “At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. Just as Jesus was coming up out of the water, he saw heaven being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” -Mark 1:9-11
here is the scene when Jesus gets baptized. what observations can we make? Jesus was getting dunked in the river and as he rose from the water, the heavens opened. i’d like to say i have a vast and vivid imagination but the imagery in here is simply unfathomable. i try to picture some large crevice splitting open and creating a divide that breaks some invisible, metaphysical boundary between heaven and earth. and wind. lots and lots of gushing, loud wind. then, the holy spirit makes its way down from the other side of this momentarily fractured barrier and the voice of God thunders from it: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” holy cheeseballs.
2. “With a loud cry, Jesus breathed his last. The curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. And when the centurion, who stood there in front of Jesus, saw how he died,he said, “Surely this man was the Son of God!” -Mark 15:37-39
fast forward 15 chapters. Jesus dies. what observations can we make? as Jesus let out one last sigh, the curtain of the temple tore completely, from top to bottom. so what temple is mark talking about anyways? in case you didn’t know, it was the temple of Jerusalem [Herod’s temple, if i am not mistaken] and inside this holy temple, animal sacrifices were made as well as worship according to the Law of Moses. there was also a room called the Holy of Holies, in which the presence of God resided. it also contained the Ark of the Covenant [yes, the one in indiana jones]. this place was so sacred that no one could enter into this inner sanctuary except the High Priest once a year to make atonement for the people’s sins. this room was separated from the rest of the temple by a curtain. and this wasn’t just any old window curtain that you put on for decoration. it was a 4-inch thick curtain with such strength that even horses tied to each side could not pull apart. oh yeah, it was also 60 feet tall. pretty buff curtain. but not buff enough. when this curtain tore in half, even the Roman centurion instantly knew that Jesus was certainly the son of God and he was so sure about it that he felt like he had to say it out loud. holy cheeseballs.
okay, now it’s time to connect the dots.
in mark chapter 1, jesus was baptized by water. while one may think that this is just something that all believers must do as a public profession of their faith and acceptance of God as their heavenly Father, baptism also has another meaning. “Or don’t you know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.” [Romans 6:3-4] baptism, in essence, means death. so what was Jesus up to at the end of Mark? oh yeah, dying. bingo.
after Jesus’ baptism, the heavens OPENED! after Jesus’ death, the curtain OPENED! well.. tore in half. if you haven’t already got it, the curtain wasn’t just an extraordinarily buff curtain, it was a symbolic representation of the separation of God and Man. separation of the Holiest of Holies and the rest of the temple. of sinless and sinful. of light and darkness. of the heavens and earth. when Jesus died for our sins, the impenetrable barrier between us and God was shattered. bingo.
after the heavens opened, we hear a voice from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” [Mark 1:11] this is the voice of God, and He is proclaiming that Jesus is His beloved Son. after the curtain ripped open, we hear a voice from a bystander: “Surely this man is the Son of God!” [Mark 15:39] this is the voice of a Roman centurion, and he is proclaiming that Jesus is the Son of God. bingo.
i don’t know about you but when i first realized all of this, i was completely mindblown. the entire gospel story of Jesus Christ, wrapped in a big, delicious sandwich. wickedly cool. personally, this revelation served as a reminder of just how amazing God’s Word is. the bible is a truly remarkable book and i think we all ought to spend more time reading it. trust me, it will change lives. and lastly, i would like to give a big shout-out and thank you to the fantastic mr. jimmy l., who did such a phenomenal job at sharing God’s truth with me and the other highschoolers at ev. personally, this was one of the most memorable bible lessons i’ve ever been taught in my entire life.
PRAYER: heavenly father, thank you for your word. thank you for this amazing book of life, because through it, we may grow spiritually and learn more about you. thank you for God-breathed scripture, for it is useful in teaching, rebuking, correcting and training others in righteousness. it is your truth that we cling on to and it is our double-edged sword. thank you for revealing yourself in it so that we may see a glimpse of just how great you are. Lord, please help me grow a desire and eagerness in reading your word. move my heart and let me have an inclination to hear your truths each and every day of my life. God, I want to grow in you. i want to know you more and i want to love you even more than i already do. help me become a better son. as always, i am eternally grateful for your gift of love and i will forever praise you. and it’s in your Son’s most precious name that I pray, amen.